Igbo Culture (Eastern Nigeria)


According to Music Africa Awake reporter, we are talking about Igbo culture in Nigeria.

Igbo culture (Igbo: Ọmenala ndị Igbo) are the customs, practices and traditions of the Igbo people of southeastern Nigeria. It comprises archaic practices as well as new concepts added into the Igbo culture either by cultural evolution or by outside influence. These customs and traditions include the Igbo people’s visual art, music and dance forms, as well as their attire, cuisine and language dialects. Because of their various subgroups, the variety of their culture is heightened further.

Art

Igbo Art is known for various types of masquerade, masks and outfits symbolising people animals or abstract conceptions. Igbo art is also known for its bronze castings found in the town of Igbo Ukwu from the 9th century. Igbo art is any body of visual art originating from the people of the Igbo. Igbo culture is a visual art and culture.

1024px-Igbo_brass_anklet
Anklet beaten from a solid brass bar of the type worn by Igbo women. Now in the collection of Wolverhampton Art Gallery. The leg-tube extends approx 7cm each side of the 35cm disc

 

Also Read: Igbo masquerade

YAM:The yam is very important to the Igbo as it is their staple crop. There are celebrations such as the New yam festival (Igbo: Iri Ji) which are held for the harvesting of the yam.

The New Yam festival (Igbo: Iri ji) is celebrated annually to secure a good harvest of the staple crop. The festival is practiced primarily in Nigeria and other countries in West Africa.

 

Igbo_yam_altar
Igbo ceramic altar for the new yam festival.
Complex_sculpture_Nigeria_BM_Af1954_23_522_img02
Complex wooden carving depicting images of power and daily life, such as horsemen, imported goods, military insignia, Europeans, rifles, wild beasts and masqueraders.

ALSO READ:igbo traditional music instruments

Naming after market days:

Newborn babies were sometimes named after the day of the week when born. This is no longer the fashion. Names such asMgbeke (maiden [born] on the day of Eke), Mgborie (maiden [born] on the Orie day) are commonly seen among the Igbo people. For males, Mgbe is replaced by Nwa or “Okoro” (Igbo: Child [of]). Examples of this are Solomon Okoronkwo andNwankwo Kanu, two popular footballers.

Calendar (Iguafo Igbo):

In the traditional Igbo calendar, a week (Igbo: Izu) has 4 days (Igbo: Ubochi) (Eke, Orie, Afọ, Nkwọ), seven weeks make one month (Igbo: Ọnwa), a month has 28 days and there are 13 months in a year. In the last month, an extra day is added. The names of the days have their roots in the mythology of the Kingdom of Nri. It was believed that Eri, the sky-born founder of the Nri kingdom, had gone on a journey to discover the mystery of time. On his journey he had saluted and counted the four days by the names of the spirits that governed them, and so the names of the spirits (eke, orie, afọ and Nkwo) became the days of the week.

No. Months (Ọnwa) Gregorian equivalent
1 Ọnwa Mbụ (3rd week of February)
2 Ọnwa Abụa (March)
3 Ọnwa Ife Eke (April)
4 Ọnwa Anọ (May)
5 Ọnwa Agwụ (June)
6 Ọnwa Ifejiọkụ (July)
7 Ọnwa Alọm Chi (August to early September)
8 Ọnwa Ilo Mmụọ (Late September)
9 Ọnwa Ana (October)
10 Ọnwa Okike (Early November)
11 Ọnwa Ajana (Late November)
12 Ọnwa Ede Ajana (Late November to December)
13 Ọnwa Ụzọ Alụsị (January to Early February)
An example of a month: Ọnwa Mbụ

Eke Orie Afọ Nkwọ
1 2
3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26
27 28

 

 

 

 

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